Dental implant is an advanced replacement option for missing teeth. A dental implant is highly durable and provides strong support to the artificial tooth. Moreover, most people prefer dental implant surgery for aesthetic reasons as well. Dental implant is placed inside the jaw and the tooth that is placed on the implant resembles the natural teeth in shape, color and function.
Dental implants are placed inside the jaw bone through a jaw surgery. Like any other surgery, dental implant surgery also has some risks. However, the chances of your dental implant failing are very low. Research states that the success rate of these surgeries is 95 to 98%. It means there is a 2 to 5% risk of your surgery failing.
Knowing about the complications and risk factors beforehand will help you to prepare well for the surgery.
Complications of Dental Implant Surgery
- Loose or Falling Implants
This is one of the major problems of dental implants. The implant may become loose or fall out when the bone around the implant does not fuse with it. This is known as failed ossointegration. Some reasons for this condition are inaccurate positioning, overloading, insufficient volume or density of the jaw bone, tissue damage around the implant, consuming bisphosphonates such as Fosamax or Actonel, blunt force trauma that effects the healing process, implant inflammation or infection at the implant site.
- Breaking or Bending of Implants
This was a common problem for first generation implants, but advancements in technology and improved quality of materials has reduced the risk of implant failure due to this reason. Modern day dental implants are made with Titanium, which is one of the strongest metals. The chances of your implant breaking or bending are very low. However, one main reason for breaking and bending implants is the abutment screw, which connects the artificial tooth and the implant.
- Allergic Reaction
People allergic to Titanium can experience symptoms like swelling, burning, loss of taste etc. after the dental implants are installed. It is advisable to get an allergy test before the implant surgery to ensure that you are not allergic to any metals used in the metals. Or you can opt for Zirconia dental implants, which do not contain metals.
These are three major complications after a dental implant installation surgery. However, consulting experienced orthodontists will minimize the chances of failed dental implants.